How does it work?
What is it used for?
- Open angle glaucoma.
- Glaucoma caused by another disease of the eye (secondary glaucoma).
- Lowering the pressure in the eye before surgery for closed angle glaucoma.
- Excess fluid retention (oedema), for example caused by heart failure, pre-menstrual syndrome or other medicines.
How do I take it?
- Diamox tablets and Diamox SR capsules can be taken either with or without food.
- Diamox SR capsules are sustained-release capsules that are designed to release the medicine slowly over the day. These capsules should be swallowed whole with a drink of water and not opened, chewed or crushed, as this would damage the sustained-release action.
- The dose prescribed and how often the medicine needs to be taken depends on the condition being treated. It is important to follow the instructions given by your doctor. These will be printed on the dispensing label your pharmacist has put on the packet of medicine.
- This medicine may cause drowsiness and various other side effects that could affect your ability to drive or operate machinary safely. You should not drive or operate machinary until you know how this medicine affects you and are sure that it won't affect your performance.
- This medicine may cause skin rashes and you should consult your doctor if you develop a rash, skin peeling, itching, or other unexplained skin reaction while taking this medicine.
- If you are having long-term treatment with this medicine it is recommended that you should have regular blood tests to monitor the levels of electrolytes (eg sodium and potassium) and the levels of blood cells in your blood. Consult your doctor immediately if you experience any of the following symptoms while taking this medicine, as they may indicate a problem with your blood cells: unexplained bruising or bleeding, purple spots, sore throat, mouth ulcers, high temperature (fever), feeling unusually tired or general illness.
Use with caution in
- Elderly people.
- People with breathing difficulties such as emphysema.
- People with decreased kidney or liver function.
- People with a history of kidney stones.
- People who have difficulty passing urine.
- People who have unstable levels of electrolytes (salts such as sodium and potassium) in their blood.
Not to be used in
- People who are allergic to medicines from the sulphonamide group, eg the antibiotic sulfamethoxazole.
- People with underactive adrenal glands (the glands that produce the body's natural steroid hormones).
- People with low levels of potassium or sodium in their blood (hypokalaemia or hyponatraemia).
- People with high levels of chloride in their blood (hyperchloraemic acidosis).
- Severe kidney disease.
- Severe liver disease.
- Long-term use in a type of glaucoma called chronic non-congestive angle-closure glaucoma.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
- The safety of this medicine for use during pregnancy has not been established. It should not be used in pregnancy, particularly during the first trimester. Seek further medical advice from your doctor.
- This medicine may pass into breast milk in small amounts. It should be used with caution during breastfeeding and only if the benefit to the mother outweighs any potential risk to the nursing infant. Seek further medical advice from your doctor.
- This medication may cause drowsiness. If affected do not drive or operate machinery.
- Pins and needles or tingling sensations, particularly in the hands or feet.
- Decreased appetite.
- Metallic taste in the mouth.
- Increased production of urine (polyuria).
- Decreased sex drive.
- Disturbances of the gut such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea.
- Problems with hearing.
- Temporary short-sightedness.
- Kidney stones.
- Abnormal liver or kidney function.
- Disturbances in the levels of electrolytes in your blood.
- Disturbances in the normal numbers of blood cells in your blood (see warning section above).
- Severe allergic skin reactions (see warning section above).
How can this medicine affect other medicines?
- beta2 sympathomimetics such as salbutamol, salmeterol
- corticosteroids such as prednisolone, dexamethasone
- diuretics such as furosemide, bendroflumethiazide
- arsenic trioxide
Other medicines containing the same active ingredient
Information Obtained And thanks: http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/seniors-health/medicines/diamox.html