Saturday, 6 June 2015
Wikipedia Update: Hypokalemic Periodic Paralisis
Hypokalemic periodic paralysis is a rare, autosomal dominant channelopathycharacterized by muscle weakness or paralysis with a matching fall in potassium levels in the blood (primarily due to defect in a voltage-gated calcium channel). In individuals with this mutation, attacks often begin in adolescence and are triggered by strenuous exercise followed by rest, high carbohydrate meals, meals with high sodium content, sudden changes in temperature, and even excitement, noise, flashing lights and induced by cold temperatures. Weakness may be mild and limited to certain muscle groups, or more severe full body paralysis. Attacks may last for a few hours or persist for several days. Recovery is usually sudden when it occurs, due to release of potassium from swollen muscles as they recover. Some patients may fall into an abortive attack or develop chronic muscle weakness later in life. To differentiate it from Gullian Barre syndrome, deep tendon reflexes are normal and 7th cranial nerve is spared.
Some people only develop symptoms of periodic paralysis due to hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid). This entity is distinguished with thyroid function tests, and the diagnosis is instead called thyrotoxic periodic paralysis.
Continued Here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypokalemic_periodic_paralysis