Saturday, 4 May 2013

Hypokalemia: Potassium loss and its causes

It is necessary in cellular metabolism, acid-base balance and osmotic pressure, protein synthesis and carbohydrate and neuromuscular transmission systems. Why your falta.Síntomas occurs. Excess potassium potasio.Alimentos with

Is the lack of potassium, an electrolyte that is required in numerous vital functions, such as cell metabolism and acid-base balance osmotic pressure, synthesis of proteins and carbohydrates and neuromuscular transmission systems


The minimum daily amount required is 0.5 mg. / Kg. that can be covered with the usual daily diet.

Why there is a lack

· Greater use of laxatives or diuretics.

· Greater consumption of licorice or chewing snuff.

· Hormone problems hyperaldosteronism, a condition in which the adrenal gland secretes too much hormone aldosterone, which increases the reabsorption of sodium and water and the release of potassium in the kidneys.

· Metabolic problems of renal origin.


Malignant Hypertension.

Congestive heart.

Cushing's syndrome (a disorder that occurs when the body is exposed to high levels of the hormone cortisol also happens if you take too much cortisol or other steroid hormones).

Glucocorticoid excess (prescribed in the case of joint inflammation).

Paraneoplastic syndrome (symptoms of cancer in sites that are not directly affected by malignant disease).


Intense treatment with some antibiotics.

· Vomiting or severe diarrhea.


Muscle cramps and weakness, neuromuscular disorders, paralysis, digestive, respiratory failure, heart disease and endocrine changes.

Excess potassium

Their excess causes problems: muscle weakness and even cardiac arrest.

Foods rich in potassium

The figures are in mg of potassium per 100 grams of food:

Chickpeas 1,200 mg.

Almonds 700 mg.

Chard, spinach 600 mg.

400 mg banana.

White fish (hake) 300 mg.

Meats 300 mg.

Tomato 270 mg.

Yoghurt 190 mg.

Milk 150 mg.

It is found in large quantities in artichokes, celery, mushrooms, cabbage, cauliflower, chicory, endive, lettuce, leeks, carrots, dates and generally all the fruit and nuts.

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